What the reader will gain: KRAS mutations in mCRC and NSCLC primary tumors predict resistance to EGFR-targeted therapy. In pancreatic cancer, KRAS may prove useful as a diagnostic biomarker to screen for early neoplasia. Furthermore, quantitative KRAS mutation analysis could have the potential to distinguish pancreatic cancer from other conditions such as chronic pancreatitis.
With respect to ovarian and endometrial cancer, further studies should focus on determining reliable biomarkers for predicting response to EGFR-targeted therapy. Besides EGFR inhibition, KRAS may also serve as a diagnostic and predictive biomarker for evolving therapies directed against mutant RAS proteins.
Take home message: KRAS has been recognized as an outstanding predictive biomarker to select mCRC and NSCLC patients for EGFR-targeted therapies; however, multi-determinant approaches including other molecular markers should facilitate the identification of patients likely to respond to such therapies.