Friday, December 17, 2010
HealthLinx Releases Initial Results from First Stage of 1,150-Subject OvPlex Study | ProteoMonitor | Proteomics | GenomeWeb
Background: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has shown a modest benefit in muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients; however, the subset of patients most likely to benefit has not been identified. BRCA1 plays a central role in DNA repair pathways and low BRCA1 expression has been associated with sensitivity to cisplatin and longer survival in lung and ovarian cancer patients.
Patients and methods: We assessed BRCA1 messenger RNA expression levels in paraffin-embedded pre-treatment tumor samples obtained by transurethral resection from 57 patients with locally advanced bladder cancer subsequently treated with neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy. BRCA1 levels were divided into terciles and correlated with pathological response and survival....
"Primary peritoneal" high-grade serous carcinoma is very likely metastatic from serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma: Assessing the new paradigm of ovarian and pelvic serous carcinogenesis and its implications for screening for ovarian cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: At least half the cases of primary peritoneal high-grade serous carcinoma are associated with intraepithelial carcinoma of the fallopian tube, usually involving the fimbriae. These findings support the view that, like "primary ovarian carcinoma," what has been traditionally classified as "primary peritoneal carcinoma" is probably derived from occult high-grade serous carcinoma in the fallopian tube. These findings have important implications for ultrasound screening trials for ovarian cancer which are based on the assumption that an enlarged ovary is a very early manifestation of disease.
Echocardiographic imaging of tricuspid and pulmonary valve abnormalities in primary ovarian carcinoid tumor-abstract
Carcinoid is a rare malignancy originating from enterochromaffin cells and is clinically characterized by flushing, diarrhea and bronchospasm, due to secretion of vasoactive substances. A dreaded complication is carcinoid heart disease, which mainly affects right cardiac chambers, resulting in thickened, immobile and retracted tricuspid and pulmonary valves. In the current report, a case of a 60-year old female presenting with symptoms of right heart failure is described. Transthoracic two-dimensional and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography findings, as well as biochemical markers, including pro-BNP and NT-pro-BNP, were consistent with carcinoid syndrome. The histological diagnosis of carcinoid was confirmed after surgical resection of an ovarian mass.
Risk of contralateral breast cancer associated with common variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2: potential modifying effect of BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation carrier sta
"....The association between common variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 and risk of CBC may differ depending on BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carrier status."
Sex cord stromal tumors of the ovary in children - abstract (sertoli-leydig most aggressive cell type)
CONCLUSIONS: Completeness of resection and histology were important prognostic factors; in our series the Sertoli-Leydig Cell tumor was the most aggressive variety. Hormonal signs (precocious puberty, telarca, menarche) were common in younger patients and led to an early diagnosis. Cisplatin based chemotherapy seemed to be effective for locally advanced tumors.