Table of Contents — September 2012, 23 (suppl 9)
- Abstract Book of the 37th ESMO Congress Vienna, Austria, 28 September – 2 October 2012
HE4 protein and SMRP: Potential novel biomarkers in ovarian cancer detection.
Oncol Lett. 2012 Sep;4(3):385-389
Epithelial ovarian cancer has the highest mortality of all gynecological cancers, and its progression is often without symptoms. Clinical outcome and survival may be improved if the disease is identified in the early stages. The objective of the study was to evaluate the utility of the serum biomarkers human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), soluble mesothelin-related protein (SMRP) and CA125 in the detection of ovarian cancer. In this retrospective study, the serum concentrations of CA125, HE4 protein and SMRP were measured in a cohort of 70 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) compared with 78 healthy controls. Median serum levels of CA125 for ovarian cancer cases were 503.55±560.7 U/ml vs. 9.28±14.47 U/ml in the control group (p<0.001); for SMRP 5.13±7.64 nM vs. 1.02±0.89 nM (p<0.01); and for HE4 597.95±934.59 pM vs. 56.75±43.79 pM (p<0.001), respectively. Positive correlations between the clinical stage of EOC and CA125, HE4 and SMRP serum concentrations were found [(R=0.83; p<0.001); (R=0.64; p<0.001); (R=0.45; p<0.001), respectively]. Data analysis for the whole study group also revealed a significant correlation between plasma concentrations of CA125 and HE4 (R=0.45; p<0.001), between CA125 and SMRP (R=0.38; p<0.001) as well as HE4 and SMRP (R=0.51; p<0.001). Similar significant correlations between serum biomarker concentrations were also found in the ovarian cancer group [CA125 and HE4 (R=0.31; p<0.01); CA125 and SMRP (R=0.25; p<0.05); HE4 and SMRP (R=0.44, p<0.001), respectively]. A significant correlation was observed between the serous histological type of EOC and serum concentration of HE4 in the study group compared with other non-serous types of ovarian cancer (p<0.01). In conclusion, measuring CA125 in combination with new biomarkers such as SMRP and HE4 may improve the accuracy of ovarian cancer diagnosis, particularly in early detection of the disease.
PMID: 22984370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
“Am I going to be OK, doc?”“Yes. Yes, you are.”“How do you know?”“Because I'm a doctor.”
He's a Canadian hero known all around the world, and on Sunday thousands of people are lacing up to walk or run in his name. Terry Fox runs are being held across the country and the GTA, with the goal of continuing Terry's dream of raising money for cancer research. "What you ever you do you gotta do the best you can possibly do, and I'm going to give it everything I possibly can," Fox said. And that he did, as Fox ran his Marathon of Hope, inspiring people across a nation. Martha McLew, Ontario Director of the Terry Fox Foundation, says there are 17 runs in the GTA alone. "I think that when people come out to the Terry Fox run, they realize they are doing it for such a personal reason, they are doing it for a loved one, and to really thank Terry at the same time," McLew said. There is no per-registration needed and no mandatory fee. To find a run near you, click here.http://www.680news.mobi/article.aspx?content_id=401999
OBJECTIVE: A cohort study was conducted to evaluate whether preoperative plasma HE4 levels could predict the occurrence of death (primary endpoint) and progression (secondary endpoint) in women with ovarian cancer (OC).
METHODS: Between 1998 and 2006, we recruited 136 women newly diagnosed with OC of any FIGO stage at the University Hospital, CHUQ-L'Hôtel-Dieu de Québec, Canada. HE4 was measured using the Abbott's ARCHITECT HE4 assay. Dates of death were obtained by record linkage with the Québec mortality files. Progression was evaluated using the CA-125 or the RECIST criteria, as recommended by the Gynecology Cancer Intergroup. Adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of death and progression, as well as their 95% confidence intervals (CI), were estimated using the Cox proportional hazard regression model.
RESULTS: Preoperative levels of HE4 were strongly associated with all OC standard prognostic factors. HE4 levels increased significantly with age (p=0.02), FIGO stage (p<0.0001), grade (p=0.005), preoperative CA-125 levels (p<0.0001), and residual tumor (p<0.0001). HE4 levels above the median value (394 pmol/L) were significantly associated with mortality (HR=2.17; 95% CI: 1.42-3.32) and progression (HR=1.81; 95% CI: 1.21-2.72). After adjustment for the FIGO stage, which was the only factor significantly associated with prognosis in multivariate analyses, the association of HE4 with death remained statistically significant (HR=1.67; 95% CI: 1.08-2.59). However, the association with progression was no longer significant (HR=1.32; 95% CI: 0.87-1.99).
CONCLUSION: These results show that preoperative the plasma level of HE4 is a marker of OC aggressiveness and a predictor of death.
The peritoneal metastatic route of cancer dissemination is shared by cancers of the ovary and gastrointestinal tract. Once initiated, peritoneal metastasis typically proceeds rapidly in a feed-forward manner. Several factors contribute to this efficient progression. In peritoneal metastasis, cancer cells exfoliate into the peritoneal fluid and spread locally, transported by peritoneal fluid. Inflammatory cytokines released by tumor and immune cells compromise the protective, anti-adhesive mesothelial cell layer that lines the peritoneal cavity, exposing the underlying extracellular matrix to which cancer cells readily attach. The peritoneum is further rendered receptive to metastatic implantation and growth by myofibroblastic cell behaviors also stimulated by inflammatory cytokines. Individual cancer cells suspended in peritoneal fluid can aggregate to form multicellular spheroids. This cellular arrangement imparts resistance to anoikis, apoptosis, and chemotherapeutics. Emerging evidence indicates that compact spheroid formation is preferentially accomplished by cancer cells with high invasive capacity and contractile behaviors. This review focuses on the pathological alterations to the peritoneum and the properties of cancer cells that in combination drive peritoneal metastasis.
Influence of a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer on breast cancer outcomes.
Exp Ther Med. 2011 9;2(5):917-923
Authors: Cao AY, He M, DI GH, Wu J, Lu JS, Liu GY, Shen ZZ, Shao ZM
Various published studies have been inconclusive in attempting to relate a family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer (BOC) to the survival of breast cancer patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of a family history of BOC with tumor characteristics, treatment response and the difference between the prognosis of familial breast cancer (FBC) patients and sporadic breast cancer (SBC) patients. Data on 348 operable FBC patients and 345 SBC patients were retrospectively analyzed. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence/metastasis-free survival (RFS) were compared for both groups. FBC cases were diagnosed at a relatively younger age (51.1±10.4 vs. 53.7±11.0 years, P=0.054) and presented a lower T stage (P=0.000) than the SBC cases. Patients with a family history of BOC had a significantly greater risk of recurrence/metastasis (P= 0.04) and a non-significantly increased risk of death (P=0.06) compared to the SBC patients. In a multivariate analysis, family history of BOC was an independent predictive factor for both recurrence/metastasis rate (P=0.01, HR=0.012, 95% CI 0.02-0.57) and mortality (P=0.044, HR=0.43, 95% CI 0.19-0.98) in the hormone receptor-positive population. Our results found that women diagnosed with FBC had an early onset of disease in the population studied, and the poor outcome of patients with a family history of BOC associated with survival was restricted to the hormone receptor-positive population.
PMID: 22977598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
• Pressure, discomfort or pain in the pelvis, abdomen, back, or legs
• Gas, bloating, indigestion or abdominal distension
• Early satiety or feeling full even if you haven't eaten much
• Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite or weight loss
• A change in the pattern of urination
• Abnormal vaginal bleeding, including abnormal menstrual periods