Copy number deletion of RAD50 as predictive marker of BRCAness and PARP inhibitor response..... Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Monday, March 28, 2016

Copy number deletion of RAD50 as predictive marker of BRCAness and PARP inhibitor response.....



abstract:Copy number deletion of RAD50 as predictive marker of BRCAness and PARP inhibitor response in BRCA wild type ovarian cancer
 

Highlights

Whole-exome analysis identifies BRCAness OvCa tumors.
BRCAness OvCa tumors resemble BRCA deficient OvCa tumors by in similar genome instability.
RAD50 deletion predicts BRCAness and augments OvCa cell's drug sensitivity.

Conclusion

Our study identified the copy number deletion of RAD50 as a candidate marker for survival and response to PARPis in BRCAwt OvCa tumors.

Abstract

Objective

To identify novel prognostic and therapeutic markers for PARP inhibitors in BRCA wild type ovarian cancer (OvCa).

Methods

BRCAness status was defined by analyzing whole-exome deep sequencing data from 220 BRCAwt OvCa cases in TCGA. Thirty-three DNA-repair genes were screened in an integrated manner for BRCA-independent mechanism of BRCAness using multiple-dimensional genomic data. Publicly available databases and siRNA knock-down were used for external validation and evaluation of drug response in OvCa cell lines.

Results

In 220 BRCAwt OvCa patients, tumors exhibiting the BRCAness signature have enhanced OS (HR [95% CI] = 0.33 [0.15–0.69], P = 0.004) and PFS (HR [95% CI] = 0.51 [0.24–1.08], P = 0.077), strongly suggesting a BRCA-independent mechanism of drug sensitivity in those patients. Systematic screening of driving molecular events of BRCAness revealed that RAD50 deletion is a marker of BRCAness. The RAD50 deletion occurred in 18% of BRCAwt OvCa patients. RAD50 deletion led to its decreased mRNA expression in tumors (fold change = 0.63, P = 3.56 × 10− 13). In BRCAwt patients, RAD50 deletion was associated with significantly better OS (HR [95% CI] = 0.44 [0.25–0.78], P = 0.005) and PFS (HR [95% CI] = 0.60 [0.37–0.99], P = 0.044), adjusted by age and stage. Knockdown of RAD50 expression augmented OvCa cell's responses to cisplatin and olaparib. Among 19 OvCa cell lines, the RAD50 copy number deletion is significantly associated with better responses to two structurally distinct PARPis (i.e. olaparib and rucaparib).

Conclusion

Our study identified the copy number deletion of RAD50 as a candidate marker for survival and response to PARPis in BRCAwt OvCa tumors.

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