High Efficacy and Low Toxicity of the Modified Docetaxel and Carboplatin Protocol in Patients with Recurrent Ovarian Cancer—A Phase 2 Cohort Study Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Tuesday, April 26, 2016

High Efficacy and Low Toxicity of the Modified Docetaxel and Carboplatin Protocol in Patients with Recurrent Ovarian Cancer—A Phase 2 Cohort Study



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Objective: Most patients with epithelial ovarian cancer will experience a recurrence; currently, there is no cure. In patients with platinum-sensitive disease (platinum-free interval >6 months), a combination similar to that used as frontline therapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) is recommended. However, it is associated with a high incidence (20%) of neurotoxicity. This study evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of combination docetaxel/carboplatin therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer.

Methods: Forty patients with recurrent, histologically proven ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer were enrolled in this phase 2 trial. The study protocol included combination therapy with docetaxel, 30 mg/m2, on days 1 and 8, and carboplatin, area under the curve 5, on day 1, every 21 days. Twenty received the classical paclitaxel/carboplatin regimen (control group), and another 20 received the modified docetaxel/carboplatin protocol (study group).

Results: Median follow-up was 78 months for the study group and 62 months for the control group. The study group had a higher overall response rate compared to controls: 80% and 30%, respectively (P = 0.004; relative risk, 9.3; 95% confidence interval, 2.18–39.96). Complete response was achieved in 60% and 25%, respectively (P = 0.054). The study group patients showed a superior 2-year survival rate of 75% compared with the 35% of the controls (P = 0.011; relative risk, 5.57; 95% confidence interval, 1.47–21.56). Hematological and neurological toxicity rates did not differ between the groups (P = 0.451 and P = 0.605, respectively).

Conclusions: Patients with recurrent ovarian cancer who received the modified docetaxel/carboplatin regimen had higher overall response and survival rates compared to those who had the paclitaxel/carboplatin regimen, with no difference in toxicity. Future larger studies should focus on strategies to compare this regimen to the current standard, with an emphasis on quality of life.

Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death among women with gynecological malignancies.1 Most patients with epithelial ovarian cancer have a satisfactory initial clinical response to aggressive cytoreductive surgery followed by combination chemotherapy; however, unfortunately, this usually does not lead to cure. Most patients (>80%) will experience a recurrence.2
At present, randomized studies support the use of single-agent chemotherapy for recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer (platinum-free interval ≤6 months). Although combination therapies are associated with somewhat higher response rates, they are more toxic, and no regimen has produced a survival benefit compared to single-agent treatment.3....

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