HLA superfamily assignment is a predictor of immune response to cancer testis antigens and survival in ovarian cancer Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Friday, April 29, 2016

HLA superfamily assignment is a predictor of immune response to cancer testis antigens and survival in ovarian cancer



abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To characterize the association between major histocompatibility complex (MHC) types and spontaneous antibody development to the cancer testis (CT) antigen NY-ESO-1.

METHODS:

Tumor expression of NY-ESO-1 and serum antibodies to NY-ESO-1 were characterized in addition to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type for patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. HLA types were assigned to structure-based superfamilies and statistical associations were examined. HLA types were compared to existing reference libraries of HLA frequencies in a European-Caucasian American population.

RESULTS:

Out of 126 patients identified, 81% were expression positive and 48% had spontaneous antibody responses to NY-ESO-1. There was an association between HLA-B superfamily and seropositivity among patients with tumors expressing NY-ESO-1 (p<0.001). The differences in HLA-B superfamily assignment were driven by HLA-B44. Among all patients, the B27 superfamily was over-represented compared with the general population (p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

HLA type appears to be associated with spontaneous anti-CT antigen antibodies, as well as with the overall risk of ovarian cancer.

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