Progestins inhibit calcitriol-induced CYP24A1 and synergistically inhibit ovarian cancer cell viability: An opportunity for chemoprevention Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Sunday, April 24, 2016

Progestins inhibit calcitriol-induced CYP24A1 and synergistically inhibit ovarian cancer cell viability: An opportunity for chemoprevention



abstract (in research)

RESULTS:

 We investigated the impact of P4 on CAL-induced CYP24A1 expression in cancer cell lines expressing progesterone receptors (PRs), [OVCAR-5, OVCAR-3-PGR (PR-transfected OVCAR-3 ovarian line), and T47D-WT, T47D-A and T47D-B (breast lines expressing PRs or individual PR isoforms)] or lines that do not express PRs (OVCAR-3 and T47D-Y). We examined CYP24A1 expression using RT-PCR and western blotting, and apoptosis by TUNEL. We also investigated P4 inhibition of Cyp24a1 in ovaries from CAL-treated mice.

CONCLUSIONS:
We show for the first time that progestins and vitamin D synergistically reduce cell viability and induce apoptosis in ovarian cells and that progestins PR-dependently inhibit CAL-induced CYP24A1, thus extending CAL activity. The combination of progestins and vitamin D deserves further consideration as a strategy for inhibiting ovarian carcinogenesis.

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