Commentary (partial view) - BRCA1 loses the ring but lords over resistance Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Tuesday, July 26, 2016

Commentary (partial view) - BRCA1 loses the ring but lords over resistance



JCI 
 
First published July 25, 2016 - More info
Commentary
 
See the related articles BRCA1185delAG tumors may acquire therapy resistance through expression of RING-less BRCA1 and RING domain–deficient BRCA1 promotes PARP inhibitor and platinum resistance.

Germline breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) variants are associated with a high risk of breast and ovarian cancers. Many BRCA1-mediated cancers are initially responsive to platinum-based therapy; however, resistance commonly develops. The BRCA1185delAG mutation is common in the Ashkenazi Jewish population and has been thought to result in loss of function due to the introduction of a stop codon in the 5′ region of the BRCA1 transcript. Two studies in this issue of the JCI reveal that the BRCA1185delAG mutation results in the production of BRCA1 that lacks the N-terminal really interesting new gene (RING) domain. RING-less BRCA1 was shown to directly mediate chemoresistance, while maintaining some homologous recombination function. These results provide important insight into BRCA1 function and indicate that other truncated proteins could arise through similar alterations in codon usage.

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