open access: Use of CA-125 Tests and Computed Tomographic Scans for Surveillance in Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Thursday, July 21, 2016

open access: Use of CA-125 Tests and Computed Tomographic Scans for Surveillance in Ovarian Cancer



open access:
Use of CA-125 Tests and Computed Tomographic Scans for Surveillance in Ovarian Cancer | JAMA Oncology
July 21, 2016 
 
Importance  A 2009 randomized clinical trial demonstrated that using cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) tests for routine surveillance in ovarian cancer increases the use of chemotherapy and decreases patients’ quality of life without improving survival, compared with clinical observation. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology guidelines categorize CA-125 testing as optional and discourage the use of radiographic imaging for routine surveillance. To date, few studies have examined the use of CA-125 tests in clinical practice.
 
Objectives  To examine the use of CA-125 tests and computed tomographic (CT) scans in clinical practice before and after the 2009 randomized clinical trial and to estimate the economic effect of surveillance testing.


Main Outcomes and Measures  The use of CA-125 tests and CT scans before and after 2009. Secondary outcomes included the time from CA-125 markers doubling to retreatment among women who experienced a rise in CA-125 markers before and after 2009, and the costs associated with surveillance testing using 2015 Medicare reimbursement rates.



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