Cyclin A1 expression and paclitaxel resistance in human ovarian cancer cells Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Monday, September 26, 2016

Cyclin A1 expression and paclitaxel resistance in human ovarian cancer cells



 se·nes·cence
səˈnesəns/ noun
Biology
noun: senescence
  1. the condition or process of deterioration with age.
    • loss of a cell's power of division and growth.
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abstract
 

Highlights

Elevated cyclin A1 expression is negatively associated with relapse time of ovarian cancer patients.
Ectopic expression of cyclin A1 in ovarian cancer cells suppresses paclitaxel-induced apoptosis.
However, cyclin A1-overexpression slows down cell proliferation and induces premature senescence.

Background

The development of intrinsic and acquired resistance to antineoplastic agents is a major obstacle to successful chemotherapy in ovarian cancers. Identification and characterisation of chemoresponse-associated biomarkers are of paramount importance for novel therapeutic development.

Methods

Global RNA expression profiles were obtained by high-throughput microarray analysis. Cell cycle, proliferation rate, and paclitaxel sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells harbouring cyclin A1-inducible expression construct were compared with and without tetracycline induction, as well as when the cyclin A1 expression was suppressed by short inhibiting RNA (siRNA). Cellular senescence was evaluated by β-galactosidase activity staining.

Results

Global RNA expression profiling and subsequent correlation studies of gene expression level and drug response has identified that elevated expression of cyclin A1 (CCNA1) was significantly associated with cellular resistance to paclitaxel, doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil. The role of cyclin A1 in paclitaxel resistance was confirmed in ovarian cancer cells that harbour an inducible cyclin A1 expression construct, which showed reduced paclitaxel-mediated growth inhibition and apoptosis when cyclin A1 expression was induced, whereas downregulation of cyclin A1 expression in the same cell lines using cyclin A1-specific siRNAs sensitised the cells to paclitaxel toxicity. However, ovarian cancer cells with ectopic expression of cyclin A1 demonstrated slowdown of proliferation and senescence-associated β-galactosidase activity.

Conclusions

Our profiling and correlation studies have identified cyclin A1 as one chemoresistance-associated biomarker in ovarian cancer. The results of the characterisation studies suggest that cyclin A1 functions as an oncogene that controls proliferative and survival activities in tumourigenesis and chemoresistance of ovarian cancer.

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