Management of borderline ovarian tumours (Gershenson) Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Thursday, October 27, 2016

Management of borderline ovarian tumours (Gershenson)



abstract
 

Highlights

  • Surgical approach – open or minimally invasive – should be individualized.
  • Fertility-sparing surgery is feasible in a high proportion of young patients.
  • Surgical staging is recommended for borderline ovarian tumours.
Approximately 3000 American women are diagnosed with borderline ovarian tumours annually. Borderline tumours are similar to other types of adnexal masses. Prognostic factors include the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, presence of peritoneal implants, micropapillary pattern (for serous histology), microinvasion and intra-epithelial carcinoma (for mucinous histology). Approximately 65–70% of serous tumours and 90% of mucinous tumours are stage I, and 30% and 10%, respectively, are associated with extra-ovarian spread. Fertility-preservation counselling is recommended for young patients. Fertility-sparing surgery is feasible in a high proportion of women in the reproductive age group. Surgical staging generally includes resection of the primary borderline tumour, by either unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy or ovarian cystectomy, cytologic washings, omentectomy and peritoneal biopsies, and routine lymphadenectomy is not recommended. However, because the accuracy of frozen-section examination is lower than optimal, caution is recommended. Postoperative therapy is recommended only for those women with serous borderline tumours and invasive implants. Fortunately, relapse is uncommon.

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