Reproductive and hormonal factors in relation to survival and platinum resistance among ovarian cancer cases Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Wednesday, October 05, 2016

Reproductive and hormonal factors in relation to survival and platinum resistance among ovarian cancer cases



Abstract:
 Reproductive and hormonal factors in relation to survival and platinum resistance among ovarian cancer cases : British Journal of Cancer
 
Background:
Ovarian cancer survival is poor, particularly for platinum-resistant cases. The previous literature on pre-diagnostic reproductive factors and ovarian cancer survival has been mixed. Therefore, we evaluated pre-diagnostic reproductive and hormonal factors with overall survival and, additionally, platinum-chemotherapy resistance.
Methods:
We followed 1649 invasive epithelial ovarian cancer cases who were enrolled between 1992 and 2008 for overall mortality within the New England Case-Control Study and abstracted chemotherapy data on a subset (n=449). We assessed pre-diagnostic reproductive and hormonal factors during in-person interviews. We calculated hazard ratios (HRs) using Cox-proportional hazards models.
Results:
We observed 911 all-cause deaths among 1649 ovarian cancer cases. Self-reported endometriosis and longer duration of hormone therapy use were associated with improved survival (HR: 0.72; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.54–0.94 and HR, greater than or equal to5 years vs never: 0.70; 95% CI: 0.55–0.90, respectively). Older age at menopause and menarche were associated with worse survival (HR, less than or equal to50 vs >50 years: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.03–1.46 and HR, 13 vs <13 years: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.06–1.44, respectively). We observed no association between oral contraceptive use, parity and tubal ligation, and overall survival. No significant associations were observed for any of the reproductive and hormonal factors and platinum resistance.
Conclusions:
These results suggest that pre-diagnostic exposures such as endometriosis and HT use may influence overall survival among ovarian cancer patients.

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