Prognostic Value and Implication for Chemotherapy Treatment of ABCB1 in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: A Meta-Analysis Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

Blog Archives: Nov 2004 - present

#ovariancancers



Special items: Ovarian Cancer and Us blog best viewed in Firefox

Search This Blog

Tuesday, November 08, 2016

Prognostic Value and Implication for Chemotherapy Treatment of ABCB1 in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: A Meta-Analysis



 ef·fluxeˈfləks/noun technical
noun: efflux
tfflowing out of a particular substance or particle. material flowing out.
                                 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
open access

Background

Chemotherapy resistance is reported to correlate with up-regulation of anti-tumor agent transporter ABCB1 (p-gp) in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), but the results remain controversial. To reconcile the results, a systematic review followed by meta-analysis was performed to assess the association between high ABCB1 status or ABCB1 gene variants and overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS), and total response rate (TR) in patients with EOC.

 However, stratified by chemotherapy regimen, inverse correlation between high ABCB1 status and poor OS, PFS and TR were only found in patients underwent platinum-based chemotherapy but not in patients received standard platinum/paclitaxel-based chemotherapy. No evidence was found for any association between ABCB1 gene polymorphisms and OS, PFS or TR.
 Insufficient accumulation of anti-cancer agents in tumor cells resulting from increased efflux and/or decreased influx is a critical mechanism of chemo-resistance [5,6]. ABCB1 (ATP binding cassette B1, also known as multidrug resistance protein 1, MDR1 or p-glycoprotein, p-gp) is a cellular surface protein, which transports a variety of chemotherapy drugs such as paclitaxel, docetaxel, doxorubicin and topotecan and plays a major role in cellular detoxification [710]. Functional experiments revealed that up-regulated ABCB1 expression impaired the sensitivity to cisplatin, paclitaxel, docetaxel and doxorubicin in ovarian cancer cell lines [11].

Conclusion

High ABCB1 status is significantly associated with chemo-resistance and poor prognosis in patients with EOC. Large-scale, prospective studies are needed to assess the clinical value of ABCB1 expression in EOC more accurately.

0 comments :

Post a Comment

Your comments?