Front-line IP versus IV chemotherapy in stage III-IV epithelial ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancer with minimal residual disease: a competing risk analysis Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Friday, March 18, 2016

Front-line IP versus IV chemotherapy in stage III-IV epithelial ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancer with minimal residual disease: a competing risk analysis



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Front-line intraperitoneal versus intravenous chemotherapy in stage III-IV epithelial ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancer with minimal residual disease: a competing risk analysis 

 A total of 1263 patients were recruited as the initial cohort.
...Most published studies for ovarian cancer use the time to some disease events as their primary outcome and hence, statistical methods developed for survival data are usually applied. Established methods for estimating and modelling these include the Kaplan–Meier estimator of the survival function and the Cox proportional hazards model for the hazard function [7, 8] An important assumption of these established survival analytical methods is that censoring is ‘independent’ [9]. However, in some cases, several causes of failure are possible but the occurrence of one event precludes the occurrence of the other events (i.e., when failures are different causes of death, only the first one can be observed). This situation is known as competing risks. In a competing risk situation, standard techniques for survival analysis may lead to incorrect and biased results [10, 11]. In usual condition, ovarian cancer often presents a protracted disease course, and it is not uncommon to see a patient dies of other causes (e.g., heart failure and stroke), which precludes the occurrence of cancer-specific death.
In the current work, we conducted a competing risk analysis to investigate the therapeutic effects of intraperitoneal chemotherapy on stage III-IV epithelial ovarian, tubal, and peritoneal cancer with minimal residual disease using an administrative health care database constructed in a single tertiary care institution (Taipei).....
.... Traditionally, when predict the unadjusted probability of a certain event of interest to occur, one can use the Kaplan–Meier (KM) method. However, in the presence of competing risks, using the KM method is problematic. This method can handle only one single event at one time, and all other events are treated as censored observations. Further, the complement of the KM estimate (1 − KM) is interpreted as the cumulative probability of the event of interest in a hypothetical world where no subject would experience the competing event. This kind of interpretation is not realistic in clinical practice [28]......
 Several limitations merit consideration in the current work.

Conclusions

In conclusion, results from this competing risk analysis provide supportive evidence for previous published randomized trials that intraperitoneal chemotherapy outperforms intravenous chemotherapy. We propose that implementation of competing risk analysis should be highly considered for the investigation of ovarian cancer patients who have medium to long-term follow-up period.

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