ReCAP: Oncologists' Selection of Genetic and Molecular Testing in the Evolving Landscape of Stage II Colorectal Cancer Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Monday, May 02, 2016

ReCAP: Oncologists' Selection of Genetic and Molecular Testing in the Evolving Landscape of Stage II Colorectal Cancer



Genetic testing can be used in the diagnosis of Lynch syndrome, formerly known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (CRC), the most common inherited disorder that increases the risk for CRC; however, test results related to Lynch syndrome screening may also be used for predictive and prognostic purposes in patients with stage II CRC. Although national guidelines recommend the use of several genetic and molecular tests for patients with CRC, little is known about how guidelines, particularly the complex testing recommendations for Lynch syndrome, are translated into clinical practice. In this study, we asked: how does the family history of patients with stage II CRC influence medical oncologists' selection of genetic and molecular testing, both related and unrelated to Lynch syndrome?


We found that oncologists' self-reported ordering of Lynch syndrome-related tests was strongly associated with the strength of CRC family history, but even so, not all oncologists would order germline testing for mismatch repair (MMR) genes, much less screen for Lynch syndrome by ordering microsatellite instability and/or immunohistochemistry for MMR proteins, in a patient scenario with the strongest family history of CRC (Table 2)....


In 2012 and 2013, we surveyed medical oncologists in the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance Consortium (CanCORS) and evaluated their selection of microsatellite instability and/or immunohistorchemistry for MMR proteins, germline testing for MMR genes, BRAF and KRAS mutation analysis, and Oncotype DX in stage II CRC......


Although we surveyed a large cohort of oncologists from diverse geographic and practice settings, there were several limitations to this study.....


The high lifetime risk of CRC and other cancers among affected individuals and family members and low detection rates led the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to recommend universal Lynch syndrome screening of all patients newly diagnosed with CRC. Previous efforts to increase the identification of patients and family members with Lynch syndrome have unfortunately achieved limited success. It remains to be seen whether the recapitulation by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendation to screen all incident CRC specimens for Lynch syndrome can increase diagnoses. Undertesting related to Lynch syndrome screening and overtesting involving molecular tests among surveyed oncologists highlight the need for improved implementation, targeted education, and evaluation of organizational and financial arrangements to promote the appropriate use of genetic and molecular tests.


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