open access: Regional and temporal heterogeneity of epithelial ovarian cancer tumor biopsies: implications for therapeutic strategies Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

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Tuesday, July 19, 2016

open access: Regional and temporal heterogeneity of epithelial ovarian cancer tumor biopsies: implications for therapeutic strategies



open access:
Regional and temporal heterogeneity of epithelial ovarian cancer tumor biopsies: implications for therapeutic strategies

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Stage III/IV epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a systemic disease. The clonal relationship among different tumor lesions at diagnosis (spatial heterogeneity) and how tumor clonal architecture evolves over time (temporal heterogeneity) have not yet been defined. Such knowledge would help to develop new target-based strategies, as biomarkers which can adjudge the success of therapeutic intervention should be independent of spatial and temporal heterogeneity.
The work described in this paper addresses spatial and temporal heterogeneity in a cohort of 71 tumor biopsies using targeted NGS technology. These samples were taken from twelve high grade serous (HGS) and seven non HSG-EOC, both at the time of primary surgery when the tumor was naïve to chemotherapy and after chemotherapy.
Matched tumor lesions growing in the ovary or at other anatomical sites show very different mutational landscapes with branched tumor evolution. Mutations in ATM, ATR, TGFB3, VCAM1 and COL3A1 genes were shared across all lesions. BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes were frequently mutated in synchronous lesions of non HGS-EOC. Relapsed disease seems to originate from resistant clones originally present at the time of primary surgery rather than from resistance acquired de novo during platinum based therapy.
Overall the work suggests that EOC continues to evolve. More detailed mapping of genetic lesions is necessary to improve therapeutic strategies.

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