Estimation of Heritability for Nine Common Cancers Using Data from Genome-Wide Association Studies in Chinese Population Ovarian Cancer and Us OVARIAN CANCER and US Ovarian Cancer and Us

Blog Archives: Nov 2004 - present

#ovariancancers



Special items: Ovarian Cancer and Us blog best viewed in Firefox

Search This Blog

Tuesday, September 27, 2016

Estimation of Heritability for Nine Common Cancers Using Data from Genome-Wide Association Studies in Chinese Population




polygenic inheritance

noun, Genetics.
1. the heredity of complex characters that are determined by a large number of genes, each one usually having a relatively small effect.
                         ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
abstract:
Estimation of Heritability for Nine Common Cancers Using Data from Genome-Wide Association Studies in Chinese Population

 The familial aggregation indicated the inheritance of cancer risk. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a number of common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Following heritability analyses have shown that SNPs could explain a moderate amount of variance for different cancer phenotypes among Caucasians. However, little information was available in Chinese population. We performed a genome-wide complex trait analysis (GCTA) for common cancers at nine anatomical sites in Chinese population (14,629 cancer cases vs. 17,554 controls) and estimated the heritability of these cancers based on the common SNPs. We found that common SNPs explained certain amount of heritability with significance for all nine cancer sites: gastric cancer (20.26%), esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (19.86%), colorectal cancer (16.30%), lung cancer (15.17%), and epithelial ovarian cancer (13.31%), and a similar heritability around 10% for Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer, breast cancer and nasopharyngeal carcinoma. We found that nearly or less than 25% change was shown when removing the regions expanding 250kb or 500kb up and downwards of the GWAS-reported SNPs. We also found strong linear correlations between variance partitioned by each chromosome and chromosomal length only for lung cancer (R2=0.641, P=0.001) and esophageal squamous cell cancer (R2=0.633, P=0.002), which implied us the complex heterogeneity of cancers. These results indicate polygenic genetic architecture of the nine common cancers in Chinese population. Further efforts should be made to discover the hidden heritability of different cancer types among Chinese.

0 comments :

Post a Comment

Your comments?